Population: 79,517
Households: 23,595
Employed Residents: 42,295
Housing Units: 24,638

Source: ACS 2019 5 year estimates

Jobs: 47,232
Employed Residents per Household: 1.72
Jobs per Employed Resident: 1.25
Jobs-Housing Balance Ratio: 2.07
Source: ACS 2017 5 year estimates

Low-Wage Jobs-Housing Fit Ratio: 9.50
Source: 2015 LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics

For more information about the jobs/housing calculations visit our jobs and housing page.

2019 Homeless Count: 125 persons, all unsheltered (+89% from 2017)
Source: 2019 Homeless Point In Time Count

Average Monthly Rent: $2,543
Rent Change Year over Year: -11%
Source: Rent Cafe, April 2021

Milpitas’ 2020 Affordable Housing Inventory
Extremely Low-IncomeVery Low-IncomeLow-IncomeModerate IncomeTotal UnitsAffordable % of Total Housing Stock

SOURCE: Units reported in the Housing Element Annual Performance Report that received building permits in 2019 were added to the unit counts in the previously reported 2018 Base Year table.  This methodology necessarily means that any ELI units, if any, are included in the VLI category since that is how HCD has required production data to be reported.  The RHNA data on new units relies on self-reporting by jurisdiction and can include units for which building permits were issued that never got built.  The percentage of the total housing stock in the community is based the California Department of Finance’s Table E-5.

See more information on our affordable housing assets page.

Milpitas Development Pipeline as of January 2021
Applications SubmittedApproved ProjectsUnder ConstructionTotal
Anticipated New Jobs30151121852977
New Housing Units554116031394853

Pipeline as of January 2021. Information reported from City of Milpitas.  The employment projections are derived by applying square-footage-per-employee factors to building floor areas by four building types: 250 square feet for office/R&D; 1,500 feet for hotels; 550 feet for retail/restaurant; and 2,500 feet for manufacturing/warehouse. All are figures applied to a building’s gross square footage.

2014-2022 Regional Housing Needs Allocation 

Every eight years, the Regional Housing Needs Allocation (RHNA) process is used to assign each city and county in California their “fair share” of new housing units to build. These units of housing are intended to accommodate existing need and projected growth in the region. The RHNA process is critical because it requires all cities and counties to plan for the housing needs of their residents, regardless of income, in an effort to plan for future growth and ease the Bay Area’s acute housing crisis. 

Many cities and counties regularly fall short of their RHNA targets, as the Bay Area’s housing crisis continues to grow. Each spring, jurisdictions are required to provide an Annual Progress Report to show how effective their efforts have been in achieving housing development targets by income level. The table below shows Milpitas’ progress.

Milpitas’ 2015-2022 RHNA Permit Progress as of 12/2020
Affordability LevelRHNA TargetPermits IssuedProgress to Target
Very Low Income100414214%
Low Income57000%
Moderate Income56500%
Above Moderate Income11513504304%

Permitting progress as of December 2020. Source: HCD 2020 Housing Element Annual Progress Report Permit Summary.

Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs)

All California cities and counties are mandated to permit ADUs and JADUs according to state law. The Legislature further updated ADU and JADU law effective January 1, 2021 to clarify and improve various provisions in order to promote the development of ADUs and junior accessory dwelling units (JADUs). These include allowing ADUs and JADUs to be built concurrently with a single-family dwelling, opening areas where ADUs can be created to include all zoning districts that allow single-family and multifamily uses, modifying fees from utilities such as special districts and water corporations, limited exemptions or reductions in impact fees, and reduced parking requirements. Please see the Accessory Dwelling Unit Handbook (PDF) for more information for local government bodies and homeowners interested in adding an ADU or JADU to their property. Our partner, the Housing Trust of Silicon Valley has kicked-off a major initiative, Small Homes, Big Impact to support ADU development throughout Santa Clara County, including outreach and education, and potential new financing mechanisms.

Milpitas ADUs Permitted: 2017 – 2021
2017201820192020Total% of Countywide Total

Affordable Housing Policies

Housing Element Policies

The Housing Element of Milpitas’ General Plan has several policies encouraging the production of affordable housing, including:

  • A range of financial incentives for developers who agree to provide affordable units, including loans, grants, and fee reductions or waivers.
  • Relaxation of development standards in order to achieve more intensive land utilization and, as a result, lower per-unit land costs.  Such modifications include reduced parking requirements, increased height limits, density bonuses, and reduced setback requirements.
  • Production of units affordable to extremely low-income households is encouraged in affordable housing developments, with financial subsidies provided to developers to achieve affordability to ELI households.
  • Milpitas has adopted a density bonus ordinance to encourage affordable housing development.
Inclusionary Housing

On June 12, 2018, the City Council passed an Affordable Housing Ordinance (AHO), which included a Inclusionary Housing program that requires residential developers to set aside 15%  of the units in any new development of 10 units or more.  The AHO allows developers to meet this 15% inclusionary housing obligation by providing affordable rental units for very low or low income households and affordable ownership units for very low, low or moderate income households.  On March 5th, 2019, the Council adopted an In-Lieu fee of $31 per square foot, as an alternative to incorporating inclusionary units into new developments.  Cities are required by State law to provide alternative ways of addressing inclusionary requirements.  Milpitas requires that developers wanting to pay this fee will have to receive council approval.

Affordable Housing Impact Fees

On March 5th, 2019, Council voted to adopt Affordable Housing impact fees non-residential  development as part of their affordable housing ordinance. These fees will mature over the next 2 years to $4 per square foot for new warehouse industrial development, and $8 per square foot  for office and retail.

Additional Resources