Campbell’s Demographics

Population: 42,221
Households: 16,163
Employed Residents: 24,400
Housing Units: 17,635
Source: ACS 2019 5 year estimates

In 2020, 52.6% of Campbell’s population was White, while 2.4% was African American, 20.7% was Asian, and 19.1% was Latinx. People of color in Campbell comprise a proportion below the overall proportion in the Bay Area as a whole.
Source: 2020 Decennial Census

Rate of population growth, 2010 to 2020: 10.4%
Housing units added, 2000 to 2020: 7.1%
Source: 2020 Decennial Census

Over the same period, Campbell grew more quickly than Santa Clara County, which had an 8% population increase, or the nine-county Bay Area region, which had an 8.6% population increase.

The number of new homes built in Campbell and Santa Clara County has not kept pace with demand, resulting in longer commutes, increasing prices, and exacerbating issues of displacement and homelessness.

Jobs & Housing in Campbell

Jobs: 26,156
Employed Residents per Household:  1.51
Jobs per Employed Resident: 1.07
Jobs-Housing Balance Ratio: 1.62
Source: ACS 2019 5 year estimates

Note: Jobs-Housing Balance is a measurement used by planners that assumes that a balanced community is one where people can both live and work. This ratio compares the number of jobs in a community to the number of housing units.

Low-Wage Jobs-Housing Fit Ratio: 10.14
Source: 2015 LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics. For more information about the jobs/housing calculations visit our jobs and housing page.

Note: Jobs-Housing Fit (or Low-Wage Jobs-Housing Fit) measures the mismatch between wages and housing affordability. The UC Davis Jobs-Housing Fit Ratio considers the availability of housing stock affordable at each income level of households in a community. In In Campbell, there are more than low-wage workers competing for each affordable home.

Renting in Campbell

Percent of population that rents: 49.3%
Median Monthly Rent (1 bedroom apartment): $2,650
Rent Change Year over Year: +33%
Source: Zumper, October 2021

Cost Burden in Campbell

Cost-Burdened (30% – 50% income spent on housing)
Renter Households: 24% of renter households (1,897)
Homeowner Households: 27% of homeowner households ( 2,246)

Severely Cost-Burdened (more than 50% of income spent on housing)
Renter Households: 21% of renter households (1,657)
Homeowner Households: 9% of homeowner households (743)
Source: ACS 2019 5 year estimates

Note: Current standards measure housing cost in relation to gross household income: households spending more than 30 percent of their income, including utilities, are generally considered to be overpaying or “cost burdened.” Severe cost burden occurs when households pay 50 percent or more of their gross income for housing. The impact of high housing costs falls disproportionately on extremely low-, very low-, and low-income households, especially renters. While some higher-income households may choose to spend greater portions of their income for housing, the cost burden for lower-income households reflects choices limited by a lack of a sufficient supply of housing affordable to these households.

Overcrowding in Campbell

Total Rental Homes: 7,963
Overcrowded Homes (1.01-1.49 persons per room): 485
Severely Overcrowded Homes (1.5 or more persons per room): 376
Percent of Rental Homes, Overcrowded: 11%
Source: ACS 2019 5 year estimates

Note: The U.S. Census defines an overcrowded unit as one occupied by 1.01 persons or more per room (excluding bathrooms and kitchens). Units with more than 1.5 persons per room are considered severely overcrowded. Overcrowding increases health and safety concerns and stresses the condition of the housing stock and infrastructure. Overcrowding is strongly related to household size (particularly for large and very-large households) and the availability of suitably sized housing. Overcrowding impacts both owners and renters; however, renters are generally more significantly impacted. 

Homelessness in Campbell

2019 Homeless Count: 74 Persons, all unsheltered (-21% from 2017)
Source: 2019 Homeless Point In Time Count

Campbell’s 2020 Affordable Housing Inventory
Extremely Low-IncomeVery Low-IncomeLow-IncomeModerate IncomeTotal UnitsAffordable % of total Housing Stock

SOURCE: Units reported in the Housing Element Annual Performance Report that received building permits in 2019 were added to the unit counts in the previously reported 2018 Base Year table.  This methodology necessarily means that any ELI units, if any, are included in the VLI category since that is how HCD has required production data to be reported.  The RHNA data on new units relies on self-reporting by jurisdiction and can include units for which building permits were issued that never got built.  The percentage of the total housing stock in the community is based the California Department of Finance’s Table E-5. See more information on our affordable housing assets page.

2014-2022 Regional Housing Needs Allocation 

Every eight years, the Regional Housing Needs Allocation (RHNA) process is used to assign each city and county in California their “fair share” of new housing units to build. These units of housing are intended to accommodate existing need and projected growth in the region. The RHNA process is critical because it requires all cities and counties to plan for the housing needs of their residents, regardless of income, in an effort to plan for future growth and ease the Bay Area’s acute housing crisis. 

Many cities and counties regularly fall short of their RHNA targets, as the Bay Area’s housing crisis continues to grow. Each spring, jurisdictions are required to provide an Annual Progress Report to show how effective their efforts have been in achieving housing development targets by income level. The table below shows Campbell’s progress. You can also compare Campbell’s RHNA progress to other cities in Santa Clara County, or view a series of graphs that compares cities’ RHNA progress by income level

Campbell’s 2015-2022 RHNA Permit Progress as of 12/2020
Affordability LevelRHNA GoalPermits IssuedProgress to Goal
Very Low Income253114%
Low Income13843%
Moderate Income1511611%
Above Moderate Income391521133%

Permitting progress as of December 2020. Source: HCD 2020 Housing Element Annual Progress Report Permit Summary.

Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs)

All California cities and counties are mandated to permit ADUs and JADUs according to state law. The Legislature further updated ADU and JADU law effective January 1, 2021 to clarify and improve various provisions in order to promote the development of ADUs and junior accessory dwelling units (JADUs). These include allowing ADUs and JADUs to be built concurrently with a single-family dwelling, opening areas where ADUs can be created to include all zoning districts that allow single-family and multifamily uses, modifying fees from utilities such as special districts and water corporations, limited exemptions or reductions in impact fees, and reduced parking requirements. Please see the Accessory Dwelling Unit Handbook (PDF) for more information for local government bodies and homeowners interested in adding an ADU or JADU to their property. Our partner, the Housing Trust of Silicon Valley has kicked-off a major initiative, Small Homes, Big Impact to support ADU development throughout Santa Clara County, including outreach and education, and potential new financing mechanisms.

Annual Number of ADUs Permitted: 2017-2020
2017201820192020Total% of Countywide Total

Affordable Housing Policies

Housing Element Policies

The Housing Element of Campbell’s General Plan includes a number of general policies supporting affordable housing, including:

  • Inclusionary Housing Requirement. Campbell has an inclusionary housing program that requires 15% of units in both for-sale and rental developments (of 10 or more units) be for low- to moderate-income households.
  • Higher Density Housing. Campbell encourages higher density housing in the City’s Housing Opportunity Site Areas, though there is a maximum density of 27 units per acre.
  • Development Incentives. For affordable housing developments, Campbell provides a density bonus of up to 35% (depending on level of affordability) and the potential for reduced parking ratios, consistent with state law.

Additional Resources

Photo: Maravilla Townhomes and Cottages, Charities Housing